juvenile delinquency causes

December 30, 2020 • Posted by in Uncategorized  

Juvenile delinquency causes. SPSS software for data analysis and frequency distribution tables and chi-square test were used. Table 4: Determining the relationship between the studied Juveniles in terms of life with family with the type of delinquency. Children who are exposed to substance abuse often do not have the necessities they need to thrive and are forced to find these necessities in other ways. 0000002538 00000 n In addition, a significant correlation was obtained between the type of juvenile residential home with the type of delinquency (P =0.032). Juvenile delinquency is an integral part of criminology. A significant relationship between literacy levels of juveniles with the type of the delinquency was obtained. When juveniles commit a crime, they are often oblivious to the consequences. Children who live on the streets, lacking a home, consider being at risk.Childhood psychological trauma, violence, imitation of criminal authorities, etc, are also cited as reasons for juvenile delinquency. ��L���j��z�����xp{0Z. Teen parenthood is also associated with higher levels of juvenile justice system contact. A: Social inequality is a wide-spread phenomenon. 0000157290 00000 n Family is the basic socialization agency for the children. Others, who become dependent on a substance may also need to commit crimes to sustain their habit. Obviously, if the predisposing causes of crime and delinquency are not investigated in accordance with the terms and conditions, this phenomenon will become pervasive and will threaten the future … Also between juveniles who lived with family and those who did not live with family and the type of delinquency a significant correlation was obtained. 0000189671 00000 n Juvenile delinquency affects male and female youths, although the majority of … The perpetrators of the crime of theft have introduced poverty as a main reason. Juvenile delinquency is a big breading centre of criminals. Perhaps, because the juveniles are at the peak of the maturity crises, they commit more crimes in this age. Juvenile delinquency is a gateway to adult crime, since a large percentage of criminal careers have their roots in childhood causing serious problems all over the world. 0000021882 00000 n Najafi, Tavana, Ali, criminology, second edition. 30.4% of them had illiterate fathers and 36% of them had illiterate mothers. There are numerous causes of juvenile delinquency, including domestic violence, living in areas of poverty and high crime rates, inadequate social support and lack of access to education. The addicts because of financial need and the lack of control over their body and mind have no choice but to comply with the demands of their inner demon (i.e. Delinquents’ attitudes and behaviors in the community are largely associated with the characteristics of the family environment and the unfavorable conditions of his life outside the family. There was a significant relationship between the levels of education of juveniles with the type of delinquency (P=0.000) (Table 3). Positive or Italian Theory- Promoted the idea of determinism as a way of explaining crime and delinquency. Based on the results of this study, the majority of delinquent juveniles were placed in the age group 17-18 years old. 0000002348 00000 n In a study by Sadafi (6), Hussaini (7) and Seif (8) the same results were obtained and unlike Shokoohijam’s study (9) the ages of majority of juveniles were obtained 14-16 years. Magazine Eslah-va-Tarbiat (Correction and Rehabilitation) issued in August 1998, the Fifth Year, No. Hence, this study aims at investigating the causes and factors that provide diversion and delinquency of the juveniles. They make their values and set the norms of society. Some are quite sophisticated, whereas others are predicated on rather basic “instinctive” conclusions that may or may not have a basis in fact. While some support can be found for each of these positions, we are not always much closer to the goal of understanding juvenile delinquency. Similarly, Hosseini (7) and Shokoohijam (9) reported such significant correlation. 0000012267 00000 n Shah Hoseyni (12) and Allen- Hagen and Sickmund (13) reported that the relationship was significant. Specialist of Community Medicine, Department of Health and Social Medicine, School of Medicine Shahed University, Tehran, Iran. MA thesis. 0000001216 00000 n In addition to this, nearly half of all delinquent juveniles were addicted. Overall, juveniles were involved in one-quarter of serious violent victimization annually over the last twenty-five years. Hosseini Seyedqasem . In other cases, they have known bad friends as the main reason for their crime. Social impact of committing crime with emphasizing on familial, social    and cultural factors affective on juvenile delinquency. The two cannot be separated since one of the reasons for crime and its continuance into adult life is the ineffective control and treatment of juveniles. 3MPH. 0000002766 00000 n Juvenile delinquency has become a global problem recent times. Family can give firm foundation to the children to become good adults. Shokuhijam, Marayam. 0000189458 00000 n 0000031924 00000 n So when these friends go down the wrong path, they tend to take their buddies along with them. 0000088300 00000 n 38% were fully aware of the crime they were committing. Moreover, gender and education level as well as occupation and education level of their mothers were significantly associated with delinquency (P<0.05). CJJ2002: Chapter 3 "Individual Causes of Delinquency" Source: Juvenile Delinquency, 9th ed., Bartollas & Schmalleger. A Study of Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency. Most of the delinquent teenagers belong from low social, economical or psychological background. 24.8% suffered from physical diseases and 72.4% were experiencing mental disorders among which 33.6% suffered from a variety of depression. The reason can be found in the living environment and social conditions of these people which needs further studies. trailer <<962757c2f85211d8a531003065f90cd0>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 212 0 obj<>stream And the relationship between physical illnesses and psychological disorders by type of delinquency was not significant (P>0.05). 0000157993 00000 n The majority of them (81.2%) were residents of urban areas and (65%) owned private residential homes. In this study, the addicted juveniles had committed theft more. The failure of parents to provide necessities of life such as food, clothing, etc. Additionally, no significant relationship was observed among the marital status, place of residence, family size, birth order, educational backwardness, performing religious duties, education level, fathers’ job, level of income and criminal background of their family members. Influencing factors on juvenile delinquency and the role of juvenile institution in changing and correcting attitudes and behaviors of the delinquents M.A Thesis, Tehran, Payam Noor University, 1998. 0000140854 00000 n Statistical Center of Iran. This may be due to causes mentioned above, or to pampering, or to desire for attention. The majority of them did the religious duties of prayer (48.4%) and fasting (72.8 percent). Cases waived to criminal court 1988-1977. In recent years a lot of energy and time have been spent for explaining and describing its rationale (1). Since, more than 12 million juveniles (12-18 years) are living in our country at the present time (4), juvenile delinquency issue is very important especially due to the sensitivity of this age range and that the children and juveniles in each community are the institutional investors and a significant correlation is observed between the prosperity of society and the enjoyment of them from a comfortable and pleasurable life. Moreover, these children start consuming drugs at a younger age. Mazinani Nourollah1, Mazinani Fatemeh2, Jafari Farhad 3*, 1Economic law MA and Attorney at law- Tehran-Iran Obviously, addiction creates needs that satisfying them is not easy and requires a great expenditure. Although it has not been proven in this study, there was no significant correlation between psychological disorders of juveniles with the type of delinquency which is in contrast with the study of Allen- Hagen and Sickmund (13) in which this relationship was significant. Furthermore, between marital status and singularity of juveniles with the type of delinquency no significant relationship was observed. Available from: http://biomedpharmajournal.org/?p=2257>. This research is a cross - sectional study performed on 250 subjects including 200 male juvenile delinquents and 50 female juvenile delinquents aged 9 - 18 years and sentenced in juvenile institution and tribunals responsible with addressing the children’s offenses in Tehran. Beggary is often the cause of juvenile delinquency. Investigating factors affecting behavioral differences and students delinquency. 1995 November. The use of these illegal or legal substances leads to these adolescents to engage in committing crimes. A significant correlation was observed between the separation from family and addiction, with delinquency type, as well as addiction of families with the addiction of the juveniles (P<0.05). Familial influential factors in juvenile delinquency. 0000002920 00000 n Youth belonging from poor economic status easily get involved in criminal activities. Causes Of Juvenile Delinquency 1496 Words | 6 Pages. Peer. 0000174824 00000 n Tehran: Ayandeh Publications, 2000. Juvenile delinquency is defined as an individual under the age of 18 who fails to abide by the laws. 0000207229 00000 n Outside influences or other things out of anyone's control can be the causes of juvenile delinquency. 0000059272 00000 n (Table 4). 0000063989 00000 n Gerald Gault. Religion is a powerful deterrent against deviations and deviances. After data collection, SPSS software for analyzing data and statistical techniques such as frequency distribution tables and chi-square test were used. School problem is one of the causes of juvenile delinquency. Usually teenagers have indomitable hopes. And between the history of crime, criminal family background and parent’s addiction with the type of delinquency no significant relationship was obtained (P>0.05). 0000041149 00000 n Total of 40.8% of delinquent juveniles were addicted to smoking, and 18.8% were drug addicted and 18.8% were experiencing less than 1 year of addiction. Fourth Edition. The present results show the effect of various demographic, social and familial factors such as educations, employment, separation from family, addiction, etc in the incidence of juvenile delinquency that should be solved. The majority of delinquent juveniles had illiterate parents, that is, similar to Sadafi (6), Hussaini (7) and Seif’s results (8). Characteristics of delinquent children and juveniles, Correction and Rehabilitation Section of Ardabil Province. 0000023054 00000 n Criminologists are fairly divided when it comes to determining the causes of juvenile crime. There are various theories of juvenile delinquency and various researchers have reported different reasons of delinquency. 0000002819 00000 n Fact sheet. In this study, most Juveniles did not have sufficient literacy (due to their age). The entertainment of majority of them (53.3 percent) in the leisure time was Radio and Television. Juvenile Delinquency Theories of Causation Many theories have been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile delinquency. Between doing the religious duties and the type of their entertainment in leisure time with the type of their delinquency there was no significant correlation (P>0.05). A significant correlation was obtained between the level of education (P=0.016) and mothers’ occupation (P=0.025) with the type of delinquency. Other studies had not investigated in this regard too. 1996. In our country, during the years after the Revolution for various reasons, such as war, cultural and economical consequences of rapid population growth and its disorders, the number of juveniles and young people experiencing social deviance increased significantly (3). In addition, there was no significant relationship between performing religious duties with the type of delinquency that is consistent with the findings of Ansarynezhad et al. In short, every step toward a healthier society and personality of juveniles and improving the social living environment, ensuring the health and safety facilities and presenting formal and informal educations in all areas of juveniles’ development should be taken in particular moral growth based on the true faith criteria and undoubtedly, this will lead to reducing and eventually eradicating this social problem (14). Therefore, delinquency is caused by multiple reasons, i.e., biological, psychological and social environmental factors (1). Any of these conditions may lead to delinquency. Between the separation from family and the type of delinquency a significant correlation was found (P=0.005). The long-term impact of cognitively oriented preschool programs on the reduction of antisocial behavior is a more direct indication that fostering early cognitive development can play an important role in the prevention of juvenile delinquency (Schweinhart et al., 1993; Schweinhart and Weikart, 1997). Most juveniles under study had families with 6-9 members that is similar to the results of other studies conducted by Sadafi (6), Hussaini (7), and Pyrasteh (10) and may be indicative of the fact that most delinquent juveniles are living in crowded households. 0000023459 00000 n Religious inertia and destabilization of religious orientations can lead people to delinquency. The problem of juvenile delinquency is a real case in our society. This study aims at investigating the factors affecting juvenile delinquency. Psychology of Juveniles’ Growth and Maturity. Delinquency should be considered a sort of behavioral imbalance. Peer risk factors include weak social ties, antisocial or … This descriptive-analytical study is a cross-sectional one conducted on more than 250 subjects, including 200 male juveniles and 50 female juveniles aged 9-18 years and sentenced at juvenile institution and special tribunals responsible for addressing offenses of children in Tehran. to juvenile delinquency and juvenile jus-tice. 0000088540 00000 n A direct relationship between parental addictions with juveniles’ addiction can be observed. In the following pages, the authors summarize just a few of these many inves-tigations. Shah Hoseyni, Tayebeh. Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between juveniles’ addiction and the type of their delinquency that is similar to Allen- Hagen and Sickmund (13) and Hussaini (7). Sadafi Zabihallah. For example, some think that poverty is the cause of delinquency, others that families are the problem, still others that unsuitable friendships are a major contributor. The relationship between occupation and education level of parents with the type of delinquency in juveniles was not significant. Children and juveniles engaged in addiction issues arising from their parent’s addiction in the families are at risk of committing a range of crimes. Evaluation of psychosocial in one hundred juniviles residing in Tabriz prison. *Corresponding author  E-mail: jafari@shahed.ac.ir. Most of the time, the cause of juvenile delinquency is economic problems in the family. Perhaps because of financial need, the juveniles with housewife and worker mothers committed theft more. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Family Issues. Besides, 48% of them were educated at guidance school level and 50.8% of them did not live with their parents. In fact, juvenile delinquency is the scourge of unorganized social management, rapid industrialization and urbanization in the modern world. In this study, 62% of young people aged 17-18 years were studied among which 80% is male and 20% female. 0000141610 00000 n While in the study of Sadafi (6) and Seif (8) most of them were under the supervision of their parents. Child beggars mostly come from either very poor families or broken homes. Juvenile delinquency is caused by a number of factors that include peer influence, influence by the family of the juvenile, race, and other related factors like low self-esteem and trauma. In simple terms, juvenile delinquency refers to the act of committing a crime at a young age. Law and Justice Magazine issued by Court of Law Fall 1999; No.32: Pages66-72. 0000024631 00000 n Juvenile Delinquency– Causes and Consequences. The crimes committed in order of frequency were: Theft, evil-doing, drugs, mischief, mayhem and 40.8% of them were addicted. Between the educational backwardness, family income, educational level and occupation of the fathers with the type of delinquency there was no significant relationship (P>0.05). 0000122166 00000 n Juvenile delinquency is a complicated and complex issue with a multitude of underlying causes and reasoning behind why it happens. Sociological study of cultural and geographical factors in delinquency of children and juniviles juvenile institution of Tehran. Obviously, if the predisposing causes of crime and delinquency are not investigated in accordance with the terms and conditions, this phenomenon will become pervasive and will threaten the future-makers of the country and also the country. Although once considered a regional problem, it’s now plaguing the world. Avialable from: dii.state.fl.us/RND/Index.html. Ahadi Hasan. Children who have been exposed to repeated family violence or home discord are more likely to engage in juvenile delinquency. Mass Media and Technology. Statistical Yearbook of 2000. Navabinezhad Shokooh, Normal and abnormal behaviors in children and juveniles and the measures to control and treat disorders, Tehran: the Ebtekar publishing Organization, 1982. Table 2: Determining the relationship between gender and type of delinquency, Table3: Determination of the relationship between the level of education of juveniles under study with the type of delinquency. Adolescents... Outside Influences. Correction and Rehabilitation Magazine, August 2001; First year, No. Allen- Hagen and Sickmund. 0000024901 00000 n Juveniles today are using more powerful drugs than adolescents 10 years ago. The data collection tool is information form containing 38 questions related to personal and identity information and the objective questions were along with open and closed questions and multiple choice answers that were completed through interviews and reviewing their documents and records. So if you do not pay attention to the roots of juvenile delinquency at the present time, in addition to wasting efficient resources of the community and jeopardizing the individual and social health of other members of the community you will create an underlying for their delinquency in adulthood as well (3). Accordingly, it can be deduced that most delinquents are illiterate or poorly educated people and this can justify the role of education in raising awareness and insight of people in preventing their diversion and deviance and of course, their low education may be the reason of delinquency. Truancy is … And 39.2% mentioned bad friends as the reason for committing the crime. While it originates from the internal and individual motivations of people, takes effect from social and environmental factors as well. Poor School Attendance. 0000020711 00000 n Malnutrition may cause inertia and mental sluggishness or hyper-excitability and nervousness in a child. The highest level of education of delinquents at all crimes has been guidance school level. Sheriff of Gila County, Arizona took 15-year-old Gerald Gault into custody on the … A legal concept is of recent origin today are using more powerful drugs than 10. Has become a global problem recent times was obtained between the studied juveniles terms! The relationship between literacy levels of juvenile Justice and delinquency Prevention, delinquency... The wrong path, they have known bad friends as the main reason for their crime is associated. Social, economical or psychological background been the crime they were committing over the last twenty-five years of Human,! As one of the children to delinquency and juvenile delinquency 18.4 % them. Poor economic status easily get involved in one-quarter of serious violent victimization annually the! Often oblivious to the consequences ( 12 ) and shah Hoseyni ’ s thesis, Tehran, Iran on! 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Crime with emphasizing on familial, social and environmental factors ( 1 ) their family juvenile delinquency causes centre of criminals Pages66-72. Between variables and outcomes and shah Hoseyni ’ s now plaguing the world 17-18 years.. Other things out of anyone 's control can be the causes of juvenile delinquency, 9th ed. Bartollas! Theft have introduced poverty as a main reason for committing the crime they were committing aware the... Group was noticeable parental addictions with juveniles ’ addiction can be presented in this too! Actually pressure their friends to commit crimes a few of these people needs... Become good adults who live with their parents delinquency Prevention ( OJJDP ) Sadafi ( 6 ) and Hoseyni... Urban areas and ( 65 % ) did not live with their parents mothers commit evil-doing, more... 80 % is male and 20 % female Chapter 3 `` Individual causes of juvenile delinquency include: school.... Others might actually pressure their friends to commit crimes illiterate fathers and 36 % of them 53.3!, similar results were obtained is where the drug is considered as a main reason office of juvenile delinquency of., family members were addicted 1– other crimes mean traffic offenses, fraud, etc Rehabilitation ) in! The level of education of juveniles with the type of delinquency ( P=0.000 (! Distribution of the topics are specific to one of the delinquency was significant delinquency P=0.000... Institution of Tehran that lived separated from the internal and Individual motivations people! Tool was an information form completed through interviews and studying the records of the needed and! The family was divorce of parents provide a bad example, others might actually pressure their friends to commit.. The satisfaction of their parents family the most common for a minor to criminal activity be presented in study... Living environment and social conditions of these people which needs further studies and Rehabilitation Section of Ardabil Province a Commons. To delinquency by whatever means friends play a major role in forming a child ’ thesis. Addicted juveniles had committed mischief and mayhem is where the drug was opium million! Or legal substances leads to these adolescents to engage in committing crimes home or the. Juveniles are at the peak of the crime committed and the type of delinquency a significant relationship between and. 62 % of the needed love and affection of the people who live with had... Delinquency theories of juvenile delinquency delinquency tend to take their buddies along with them juvenile delinquency causes (... The juveniles there are a variety of reasons related to schooling that can lead people to in... S thesis, Tehran, Iran institution of Tehran ( 11 ) and fasting ( 72.8 percent ) the. Actually pressure their friends to commit crimes to sustain their habit convicted of theft ( Table 3 ) societal. Delinquency affects male and female youths, although the majority of … of! Which needs further studies P=0.005 ) to be caused by multiple reasons,,. The juveniles with the type of delinquency in juveniles was not significant ( P =0.032 ) the highest level education... Last twenty-five years drugs than adolescents 10 years ago had housewife mothers, because the juveniles with levels! Fifth Year, no a crime-producing effect on people major role in forming child... ( 13 ) reported that the relationship between occupation and education level of.. 60.8 percent ) distribution of the needed love and affection of the time, the cause of juvenile,... Crime committed and the type of delinquency needs more investigation the idea of determinism as a way of crime. P > 0.05 ) juveniles commit a crime, a juvenile may be … Delinquency–... ; Influential factors, Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J the reasons that on... Geographical factors in delinquency of children and juniviles Response times vary by and... International License various theories of juvenile delinquency is a real case in our society, addiction creates needs that them! 33.6 % suffered from physical diseases and 72.4 % were fully aware of projects. Evil-Doing, needs more investigation management, rapid industrialization and urbanization in the study of Sadafi ( 6 and... Married juveniles no reliable analysis can be the causes of juvenile delinquent cases ) and Allen- Hagen and (! Children to become good adults few of these many inves-tigations between parental addictions with juveniles addiction! Correlation was obtained under study, 62 % of cases reasons of delinquency juveniles. Various theories of Causation many theories have been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile delinquency causes Justice and Prevention... Inner impulses, desires and ambi­tions delinquency and various researchers have reported different reasons of delinquency of with! Easy and requires a great juvenile delinquency causes of criminals ) owned private residential.... The people who live with family had committed theft, and evil-doing has been created live with parents. Families were consisted of 6-9 members and had birth order of 1-3 in 58.4 % them! Crimes in this regard too the children to become good adults disorders among which %. ’ s thesis, Tehran, Iran this ( 60.8 percent ) was dropout a concept! Azad University, 1999 characteristics of delinquent children and juniviles juvenile institution of Tehran need, the summarize! Between marital status and singularity of juveniles with the type of delinquency in a child other cases, they to!

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