digestive system terminology list

December 30, 2020 • Posted by in Uncategorized  

Help Desk; Contact Us; Keep In Touch. Provided are a list of key terms commonly used in digestive health, Including acid reflux, Barret's esophagus, biopsy, cholangioscopy, endoscopy, gastrointestinal and many more. Thank you for contacting the Memorial Hermann Digestive Health. The pyloric sphincter is a valve that regulates the passage of chyme from the pylorus of the stomach to the duodenum. The duodenum is a short, wide stretch of the small intestine that receives chyme from the stomach and digestive enzymes from the liver and the pancreas. A List of Digestive Enzymes and Their Functions. Do you know any digestive system vocabulary? See it in 3D! Pancreas: This … Created by. See it in 3D! Tax EIN: 74-1653640. Pathologies: Adhesions, appendicitis, Clostridium difficile infections, colonic polyps, diarrhea, diverticulosis and diverticulitis, hernia, intestinal obstruction, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis. The digestive system(figure 24.1) consists of the digestive tract, a tube extending from the mouth to the anus, and its associ- ated accessory organs,primarily glands, which secrete fluids into the digestive tract. This handout does not represent a complete or total list of terms. Digestive Terminology Quiz The digestive, or gastrointestinal system is uniquely designed to transform the food we eat into nutrients, which the body uses for energy, growth and cell repair. Function: Its primary function is to temporarily store solid waste that is ready to be eliminated from the body. Function: The large intestine receives food and some water, vitamins, and minerals from the small intestine. Pathologies: Adhesions, Clostridium difficile infections, Crohn's Disease, diarrhea, gastroenteritis, hernia, intestinal obstruction, lactose intolerance, peptic ulcer. Tools. The digestive system's organs are joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. Function: Three pairs of extrinsic salivary glands aid in digestion: parotid, sublingual, and submandibular (also called submaxillary). The ascending colon is a vertical segment of the colon that passes upward from the cecum to below the right liver lobe. The diagram of the digestive system that is provided in the article will give one a better understanding of this organ system, as the food moves down from the mouth, through the esophagus to the stomach, small intestine and the large intestine, before it is excreted through the rectum and the anus. Digestion is the process by … Spell. What is the medical term for teeth? Function: When the sphincter of Oddi is closed, bile flows up the common bile duct and through the cystic duct for storage in the gall bladder. Prepare for the Terminology Test while having fun practicing! Abscess: A swollen, infected, … Health Literacy and Digestive System Diseases. These muscles work together to give the tongue its great flexibility. About Us. riboflavin: Vitamin B2. Rhythmic smooth muscle contraction pushes chyme through the small and large intestines. Whether it is the ability to coordinate the chewing of the food without injuring our tongue and lips or the propulsion of the food from the stomach into the duodenum while releasing the appropriate enzymes, our digestive system … Terms in this set (61) Absorption. Plans & Pricing; Gift Cards; Download Free App ; Curriculums; Ways to Connect. Download PDF. Bowel: Another word for intestines. See our privacy policy for additional details. Bile ducts: a network that transports digestive fluids from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine, Biopsy: the cellular study of tissue removed from a living body. See it in 3D! saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the salivary glands and mucous glands of the mouth. System: Digestive. Digestion can be divided into three stages – the oral phase (mouth), the gastric phase (stomach) and the intestinal phase (small intestine)– depending on the position of food within the digestive tract. The permanent teeth are 32 bone-like structures embedded in the maxillae and the mandible of the skull. Interchangeable terms for it are digestive tract, digestive canal and alimentary tract. The muscles of mastication include: the temporalis, masseter, and the pterygoids (pterygoid internal and pterygoid external). Accessory Organs of the Digestive System 4:59 Important Functions of Digestion & Related Terminology 6:03 Go to Medical Vocabulary for the Gastrointestinal System Function: It has a vital role in chemical digestion and the absorption of water, nutrients, and ions. The pharynx is a 12.5-cm conical musculomembranous tube. Function: Chyme passes from the stomach into the duodenum through the pyloric sphincter. C. Labi/o. Function: It is part of the large intestine, the organ responsible for water absorption and the compaction and storage of solid waste. digestive system: main parts are mouth, esophagus, liver, stomach, pancreas, gall bladder, intestines: esophagus: a long, straight tube that connects the mouth and throat to the stomach. These enzymes not only helps in digestion but due to excess or lack of these enzymes, one can face difficulties in digestions too. Monthly Newsletter; For The Love of Teaching; Love Learning; … Function: The liver’s exocrine secretion (bile) facilitates the digestion of fats and the removal of excess cholesterol from the blood. Solid waste is temporarily stored in the rectum before being passed through its tapered end, the anal canal. The alimentary canal is a musculomembranous tube that extends from the mouth to the anus. Function: Along with providing food storage, the stomach breaks down ingested food into chyme, both mechanically and by the action of stomach muscles and chemically through secreted acids and enzymes that constitute the gastric juice emitted by the stomach’s mucosa. Function: These muscles work together to act on the temporomandibular joint and produce the motions involved in mastication. PLAY. absorption passage of digested products from the intestinal lumen through mucosal cells and into the bloodstream or lacteals. See it in 3D! What is the medical term for Lips? Inside this tube is a lining called the mucosa. Digestive System Terms & Definitions Balanced Diet: Suitable amounts of all nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, mineral salts, vitamins, fibre and water) required for normal healthy living. Pathologies: Muscular dystrophy, myositis. Coding Info on. Pathologies: GERD, heartburn, hiatal hernia. Digestion involves the breakdown of food into small … What is the medical term for Lips? The ability of the digestive system to hold fluids and food. All rights reserved. accessory duct (also, duct of Santorini) duct that runs from the pancreas into the duodenum. Learn. The jejunum is the middle portion of the small intestine. Bronchoscope: a flexible instrument used to examine airways. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology . The esophagus is an approximately 23-to-25-cm-long hollow muscular tube extending from the pharynx to the stomach; it is the narrowest part of the alimentary canal. Salivary glands (r, l) are accessory exocrine glands of the digestive system. The digestive system includes the salivary glands, mouth, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine, colon, and rectum. These terms deal with parts of the body that play an important role in digestion. Home / Terminology Quiz / Digestive system - Terminology Quiz. The large intestine is a 1.5-m-long portion of the alimentary canal that reabsorbs water and select vitamins and is responsible for the compaction of liquid waste into solid waste, as well as its temporary storage prior to defecation. When the sphincter of Oddi is relaxed, bile secreted from the liver and pancreatic juices secreted from the pancreas enter the duodenum to aid in chemical digestion and to reduce acidity. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a … These are common terms and definitions associated with the gastrointestinal system and digestive problems or diseases. The small intestine is a tubular structure within the abdominal cavity that carries food to the large intestine. They are situated in the oral cavity underneath the mucosa. October 01, 2020 in Terminology Quiz 1. The principal purpose of the esophagus is to expedite the movement of masticated foodstuff from the mouth to the stomach, where it is broken down further. 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